enfield rifle cartridges 1857

So what was the immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857? Both Muslim and Hindu soldiers refused to use these cartridges and staged an uprising when they were forced to use them. The standard method of loading was to bite the top off the cartridge and then pour the powder down the barrel. Illustrations of events tended to reinforce Victorian notions of honor and bravery. Lee Enfield SMLE Spare Magazine . Outraged by events such as the massacre of women and children at Cawnpore, some British officers believed that hanging mutineers was too humane. In Mangal Pandey … in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. World War I-era arms, left to right, include the 12-gauge shotgun with bayonet attached, American Enfield, and Springfield rifles. Add to Wish List Add to Compare. Historians like J.A.B. As the bullet contained no annular grease rings like the French and American minie ball bullets introduced in 1847, it was … During 1857, rumours began to circulate among the Bengal Army's sepoys that the cartridges were deliberately greased with pig and cow fat, offensive to Moslems and Hindus, in order to defile them. The cartridges were wrapped in paper, which had been coated in grease which made the cartridges easier to load in rifle barrels. The new ‘Enfield Rifle’ introduced by the British in the army needed a special type of cartridge which had a greased paper cover. CentreFire Rimfire 17HMR . There is no doubt that conflict over the new rifle cartridges sparked the uprising in 1857, but the reality is that social, political, and even technological reforms had set the stage for what happened. The cartridges to be used for the Enfield Rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. The greased cartridges in the newly introduced Enfield rifles was the immediate Cause of the Revolt of 1857’. This provided the opportunity for circulating rumours that the paper was sealed with animal grease, either beef tallow or pork lard. Does anybody know if the cartridges were actually greased with fat, or if it was a plain rumor? New cartridges Matters came to a head following the introduction of the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle. Controversy of the Enfield Rifle. Most famously, the introduction of the Enfield rifle to Indian troops (sepoys) in 1857, issued with cartridges lubricated with mutton tallow, provided one of the catalysts to the Great Mutiny of 1857. In the illustration, a mutineer was depicted chained to the front of a British cannon, awaiting his imminent execution, as others were gathered to watch the grisly spectacle. A New Type of Rifle Cartridge Caused Problems . Origin of the Mutiny . - 26695726 The East India Company had been active in India for nearly 250 years, but the violence of the 1857 uprising led to the British government dissolving the company and taking direct control of India. The Lee-Enfield rifles were the mainstay of the British and their Commonwealth partners through both World Wars. Britain, of course, would rule India well into the 20th century. The Encyclopedia Americana however, says that it was derived from vegetables. This presented a problem for native soldiers, as pig fat is a haraam, or forbidden, substance to Muslims, and beef fat is, likewise, deemed inauspicious for certain … As the East India Company annexed Indian states in the 1840s and 1850s, the Indian soldiers in the company's employ began to feel offended. Each of the weapon’s paper cartridges contained a precise amount of powder and a .577- caliber Minié ball. This made them offensive to both Muslims and Hindus, and added weight to … It was developed at the Enfield arsenal by James P. Lee and fired a .303 caliber ammunition that had to manually loaded before firing. Also, does anyone know of any good documentaries on the British in India? The standard method of loading was to bite the top off the cartridge and then pour the powder down the barrel. The Lee-Enfield had its origins in the late 19th century, when repeating rifles firing full-powered cartridges were coming to the fore. The immediate cause of the Sepoy Mutiny in India in 1857 was the belief that the Lee-Enfield rifle's cartridges were greased with cow and/or pig fat. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield rifle-musket) was a .577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifle-musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867, after which many Enfield 1853 rifle-muskets were converted to (and replaced in service by) the cartridge-loaded Snider-Enfield rifle. The Enfield rifle and cartridge The P-53 was officially known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket. A number of Indians began to suspect that the British intended to convert the Indian population to Christianity. Cartridges for most muzzle-loading firearms of the period took the form of a paper tube containing a ball and powder. This resource will grow as the Museum's Collection is catalogued and computerised, and as new acquisitions are added. I have read both. Rumors began to spread that the grease used to make the cartridges was derived from pigs and cows, which would be highly offensive to Muslims and Hindus. The Sepoys in the East India Company were first issued with the Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket in 1857. In the late 1700s and early 1800s, sepoys tended to take great pride in their military prowess, and they exhibited enormous loyalty to their British officers. The rest of the cartridge, including the ball, was then forced down with a ramrod. Enfield cartridges and Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 Were the cartridges for the Enfield rifle really greased in pig and cow fat, or was that just a rumor? In some cases, they used an execution method of lashing a mutineer to the mouth of a cannon, and then firing the cannon and literally blasting the man to pieces. The P-53 Enfield rifle made use of a Metford-Pritchitt cartridge that necessitated the use of a heavy paper tube containing 2½ drams (68 grains) of musket powder and a 530-grain (34 g), pure lead bullet. The 1854 Infantry Manual specified that to load, the soldier should bite the end off … 17th-19th century only, not 20th. Sepoy units in the south of India remained loyal, but in the north, many units of the Bengal Army turned on the British. This punishment incensed their comrades, who rose on May 10, shot their British officers, and marched to Delhi, where there were no European troops. Loading and firing a .577 cal 1853 Enfield rifle-musket using a paper cartridge containing 60 grains of black powder and a 460 grain lead minie ball pre-lubricated with Bore Butter and beeswax. But the 1853 Enfield Musket had found its mark. The Revolt of 1857 was the rebellion of Indian sepoys against the British officers. A spark ignited the resentment when it was rumoured that the pre-packaged cartridges for the newly introduced Enfield rifles were coated with tallow from beef and pig fat. THREE BAND RIFLE MUSKET, DATED 1864. Decoying . Add to Cart. Fighting in some places continued well into 1858, but the British were ultimately able to establish control. Later in April sepoy troopers at Meerut refused the Enfield cartridges, and, as punishment, they were given long prison terms, fettered, and put in jail. Loading involved biting the end of the cartridge, which was greased in pig fat and beef tallow. The Sepoy Mutiny was a violent and very bloody uprising against British rule in India in 1857. The grotesque executions by cannon became even became widely known in America. As the mutiny spread, the British began called mutineers "pandies." Throughout May and June 1857 more units of Indian troops mutinied against the British. Following the fighting of 1857–58, India was legally considered a colony of Britain, ruled by a viceroy. Its cartridges consisted of a .577 inch ball projectile and a charge of gun powder propellant wrapped in waterproofed cartridge paper. Unlike existing percussion muskets, the Enfield's grooved bore required the cartridge to be greased to allow loading. 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