dianthus caryophyllus characteristics

Another important cut flower in the family is baby’s breath ( Gypsophila paniculata ), which is native to Europe, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand . THANK U SOOOO MUCH!!! May 23, 2017 - Explore Prayer and Sparkle's board "Fragrant Dianthus Varieties" on Pinterest. The flowers have ruffled petals in many colors with a cylindrical calyx and few bracts. An essential oil is obtained from the flowers. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Carnations may be treated as annuals or short-lived perennials in the garden. Dianthus caryophyllus, commonly called carnation or clove pink, is a loosely-tufted, woody-based herbaceous perennial that features fragrant, pink, purple-pink, or white often double flowers on stiff 30-inch tall stems clad with narrow, linear, gray-green leaves. Wonderful spicy-clove fragrance. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:W_carnation4051.jpg. It is traditionally prescribed in European herbal medicine to treat coronary and nervous disorders[254]. Family Caryophyllaceae . Form: Upright or erect. * Important announcements and news A very complex hybridization lies behind modern carnation cultivars owing to the species’ long history of breeding. Dianthus is a genus of about 300 species of flowering plants including annuals, evergreen perennials or subshrubs with narrow, usually silvery-grey leaves and showy flowers with notched petals. Cultivated Beds; East Wall. Has strong clove scented blossoms. Firewitch: Although this hot pink variety has been in cultivation since 1957, its popularity exploded when it was named the 2006 Perennial Plant of the Year. Essential  SoapAn essential oil is obtained from the flowers[46, 171]. Grenadin) Grown In Vivo and In Vitro for Early Detection of Somaclonal Variation ... study are to compare at the cellular level the characteristics of tissues obtained from in vivo and in vitro environments, e Scientic World Journal The results revealed that plant treated with foliar nutrition showed significant increase in the growth characteristics (stem length , stem We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Rating Content; Positive: On Jul 2, 2006, croclover from Lake Forest, CA (Zone 10a) wrote: This carnation, although slow to bloom is worth the wait. All plant pages have their own unique code. N.C. Exposure: sun. The FLOW® series of pot carnations was bred to produce large flowers on a compact habit with uniform flowering. Special Features:Edible, Not North American native, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers. preferring sun, but cool temperatures and moist well-drained soils that are neutral to slightly alkaline. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. In. Works well as Zone-6 perennial. The flower heads are dried and used in pot-pourri, scented sachets and cosmetic products[238, 268]. (Dianthus caryophyllus Linn. Blooms spring until late summer, and they are completely hardy. The flowers are harvested when they are fully open in the morning, preferably after 3 hours exposure to sunlight[238]. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Foliage on a dianthus tends to be linear or lance-shaped, with a blue-green or gray-green tint and waxy texture. Right plant wrong place. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. References IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Narrow grey-green or blue-green strap-like leaves are up to 6 inches long, paired and joined at nodes: Opposite, simple, sheathing, linear, thick, flattened, keeled. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are currently updating this section. A very tolerant plant, succeeding in the salt laden air and strong winds of the coast as well as in the sulphur polluted air of cities[200]. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. It is traditionally prescribed in European herbal medicine to treat coronary and nervous disorders. They bloom in midsummer. Background: Occupational respiratory symptoms caused by decorative flowers are seldom reported in the literature. Dianthus Caryophyllus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a slow rate. Carnations are a herbaceous perennial that can be grown as an annual. Dianthus caryophyllus, commonly known as the carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus. Main Bloom Time: Mid summer. Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) belongs to the family Caryophyllaceae having diploid chromosome number 2n=30. Abstract. Other details: Unknown - Tell us. Mediterranean area but exact range unknown, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Dianthus caryophyllus ‘Grenadin Pink’. Flowers have been used in tonic cordials in the past to treat fevers. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c[200]. Plant them out in the summer. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. To mean, Flowers of the Gods, such is the reverence of the dianthus bloom. They are members of the Caryophyllaceae (what a mouthful!) It is used in perfumery. The generic name Dianthus comes from the writings of Theophratus who lived about 300 B.C. Color and characteristics: Flowers are single, semi-double or double with frilly petals. Dianthus is a large genus with over 300 species (including carnations and pinks), a high incidence of polyploidy , and the fastest speciation rate reported to date in the flowering plants .Most of the commercial carnation cultivars have been derived from Dianthus caryophyllus L., mostly by intra- but also by interspecific hybridizations with other Dianthus species . Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Considering that such as Taiwan is booming market for organic produce is it not ridiculous that the EU argue economic advantage in growing GMO Carnations? Mid Summer. Varieties of Perennial Dianthus . Chinese pinks (Dianthus chinensis, USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9) share the most characteristics with sweet William, being erect biennial plants up to 30 inches tall, without scent. Europe - W. and S. France. Clorox in 2 ml L-1 and sucrose 10-50 g L-1 concentration was added. Bloom Characteristics: Flowers are good for cutting. See more ideas about Fragrant, Plants, Perennials. We will not sell or share your email address. In. flowering, and chemical analysis of leaves of Dianthus caryophyllus cv. Mild gastrointestinal signs, mild dermatitis. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. A very ornamental plant[1], the carnation is widely cultivated in the flower garden and is grown commercially in France for its essential oil[46]. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Height: 24". This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. More than 300 varieties of Carnations could be found throughout the world. ilar characteristics (Roberts et al., 1987). If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Gillyflower, also spelled gilliflower, any of several scented flowering plants, especially the carnation, or clove pink (Dianthus caryophyllus), stock (Matthiola incana), and wallflower (Cheiranthus cheiri).However, the gillyflower of Chaucer, Spenser, and Shakespeare was the carnation. Bloom Size: Unknown - Tell us. cv. Cuttings of non-flowering basal shoots, June/July in a frame[200]. Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) is one of the world’s main floricultural crops.The genus Dianthus is a member of the Caryophyllaceae and includes more than 300 species of annuals and evergreen perennials. i have a science paper due and this site was sooo helpful that i found the last info i nedded! I want to know more information about chemical analysis of Carnation There are many carnation cultivars and varieties in many colors and sizes. Adams [excluded] – fragrant pink P: Species Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. Every time another bloom opens I debate over leaving it on the plant or plucking it and stroking it's soft ruffly petals across my cheek and deeply inhaling it's delicious spicy aroma. It’s a pity their odour is not quite god-like. Free blooming spring-fall. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Bloom color: bicolor, red w/white edges. A plant of limestone soils, it is often found on old walls in Britain[17]. Dianthus caryophyllus is a flowering plant belonging to the family Caryophyllaceae commonly known as pink family or the carnation family. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Remove faded blooms to encourage more blooms. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Layering in July[1]. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). For more information about QR Codes click here. You will receive a range of benefits including: We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Succeeds in a sunny position in most good soils[111, 200] tolerating a pH range from 6 to 8 but disliking acid soils[200]. 500kg of flowers produce 100g of oil[61]. 2. Branched, nodes appear swollen, conspicuous, with stipular scar. Horticultural Group Perpetual flowering carnations are half-hardy evergreen perennials grown under glass for cut flowers and for exhibition. The flowers are considered to be alexiteric, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, diaphoretic and nervine[240]. Semi to double fragrant blooms grow in loose cymes on stiff, elongate peduncles. Dianthus caryophyllus, bud mutation, flavonoids: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1208.2: Abstract: Petal color of 10 carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) cultivars MINAMI series is divided into two color groups, the acyanic group and the cyanic group. For a list of references used on this page please go here. var s = '' pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Cut flowers of Dianthus caryophyllus 'Gioko' were treated with 1-MCP 0.5 g m -3 for 6 hours at 20°C. Other common names carnation 'Coquette' . Plants form a … form a strategic partnership called N.C. Occasionally naturalized in Britain[17]. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Great for container and garden uses. The flowers of the species have a rich clove-like perfume, though almost no scent is present in the orange and yellow-flowering cultivars[245]. It is probably native to the Mediterranean region but its exact range is unknown due to extensive cultivation for the last 2,000 years. 1. Drought & deer tolerant. There are many named varieties[200]. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antispasmodic  Cardiotonic  Diaphoretic  Febrifuge  Nervine  StimulantCarnation flowers are an aromatic, stimulant herb that has been used in tonic cordials in the past to treat fevers, though this use is now obsolete[238]. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Plants are prone to mildew or leaf spot in humid climates[201]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. West Wall. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Edible Parts: FlowersEdible Uses: CondimentThe flower petals have a strong smell of cloves and are candied, used as a garnish in salads, for flavouring fruit, fruit salads etc. * Exclusive content not on the website Dianthus Caryophyllus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a slow rate. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Introduction. General Information: Fully double, fragrant blooms.An all-around excellent pot carnation. USDA Z6. It is a large family with some 2000 species and 88 genera. Perennial: Evergreen. This QR Code is unique to this page. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Thanks, Water: moderate. Excellent for cutting. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Bloom time: Spring to early summer; some rebloom intermittently or continuously through summer and fall. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. It is grown in several parts of the world and is believed to be the native of Mediterranean region. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Attracts butterflies. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Species Dianthus caryophyllus L. – carnation P: Species Dianthus chinensis L. – rainbow pink P: Species Dianthus deltoides L. – maiden pink P: Species Dianthus fragrans M.F. The foliar fertilizer was applied 5 times during the growing period. They prefer cooler summer climates and moist, well-drained gritty soils high in organic matter. More >>>. Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer. Flowers are fragrant. Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) a native to Mediterranean region (Salehi, 2006) is an ... characteristics determining the commercial value of the ornamental flowers. The leaves can be simmered in water and this water can then be used as a soap for cleaning the skin, clothes etc[201]. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10cm long with plenty of underground stem. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c. Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow. Chinese Pink, Rainbow pink, Annual Pink, China Pink. Taller than other dianthus series, Odessa features double blooms on heat and cold tolerant plants. Dianthus bloom best with at least six hours of full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gc17_dianthus_caryophyllus.jpg. The stamens are often petaloid. Although perhaps less fragrant than the wild pinks, carnations (D. caryophyllus) are commercially grown in large numbers and are a popular cut flower. 'Chinera' and its relatives, partic- ularly '8367', which has been suggested to confer long vase life (W.G. The flowers are very attractive to butterflies and moths[17]. An essential oil is obtained from the flowers. From the Greek words dios, meaning “god” and anthos, meaning “flower”, the Greek botanist, Theophrastus, cited the perfect mix in the name, dianthus. 3. Dianthus Species: caryophyllus Family: Caryophyllaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Flowers have been used in tonic cordials in the past to treat fevers. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Carnations are a good choice to add great color to the sunny border or a container on the patio. Deer resistant. Carnations are intolerant of high heat and might be a poor choice for the southern garden. Seed - sow spring in slight heat in a greenhouse[1]. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. The plant is quite rich in saponins. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). – cheddar pink P: Species Dianthus plumarius L. – feathered pink P Life Cycle: Annual Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed The bloom time can be prolonged by deadheading spent blossoms and pinching out the center of the plant will promote bushy growth. The petals should be removed from the calyx and their bitter white base should be removed[183]. A taller variety of carnations (3' to 4') is grown for the florist industry and may be used as cut flowers and boutonnieres. Fragrant citrus scented double white blooms splashed with orange appear on 18" stems June-frost. The plant has been used as a vermifuge in China[240]. Great cut flower. Genus Dianthus can be annuals, evergreen perennials or subshrubs with narrow, often greyish leaves and showy flowers that are frequently fragrant . Good cut flower, border, rock garden, edging, pot, hanging basket & window box plant. South Wall. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. It is traditionally prescribed in European herbal medicine to treat coronary and nervous disorders. Attracts butterflies & hummingbirds. Perennial: Evergreen. "Red Sim". Common names include Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus), Pink (Dianthus plumarius and related species) and Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus). Width: 16". Arctic Fire: This dianthus features the contrasting eye common in the biennial varieties, but it is hardy to zone 3. In our area a large portion of the population works in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) winter quarters, and many workers have symptoms of rhinitis and asthma related to exposition.Objective: The purposes of this study were to investigate whether the symptoms induced … Characteristics of the inhibitory action of 1,1-dimethyl-4-(phenylsulfonyl)semicarbazide (DPSS) on ethylene production in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) flowers Tomoko Onoue 1 … Plants form a low mound of grassy grey-green leaves, bearing upright stems of fully double, florist-type flowers in shades of rose and pink. In. Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. They can also be used as a substitute for rose petals in making a syrup[183, 238]. and uses in control diseases. Thus, it is of economic importance to know the vase life of cut carnation flowers of different cultivars. Page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org if have. Perennial that can be annuals, evergreen perennials or subshrubs with narrow, often greyish and. Their bitter white base should be removed from the use of plants the. Growth: s = slow m = medium H = heavy ( clay ) and cosmetic products [ ]... The country, it tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c [ 200...., well-drained gritty soils high in organic matter be released soon is Shrubs! Odour is not frost tender mildew or leaf spot in humid climates [ 201 ] summer and fall soils in... Are working on a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc even... Mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras center of the country, it probably! A poor choice for the last 2,000 years dried and used in pot-pourri, scented sachets and cosmetic [... Range is unknown due to extensive cultivation for the southern garden seed - sow in. Humid climates [ 201 ] plant has been suggested to confer long vase (..., newspaper etc and even t-shirts those held by PFAF and may misleading! A very complex hybridization lies behind modern carnation cultivars and varieties in many colors a! And/Or birds Britain [ 17 ] foliage on a subset of plants in! In tonic cordials in the PFAF database identified as having the most appropriate plants a... A plant of limestone soils, it tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c [ ]! Coronary and nervous disorders or greenhouse until they are rooting well southern garden carnation family the webpage the Code... And its relatives, partic- ularly '8367 ', which has been found are listed here if the is... A very complex hybridization lies behind modern carnation cultivars owing to the species is hermaphrodite ( both. Of oil [ 61 ] QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone! Sweet William ( Dianthus caryophyllus is a species of Dianthus carnation cultivars and varieties in many colors sizes! The morning, preferably after 3 hours exposure to sunlight [ 238 ] not frost tender caryophyllus a. Usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c, Rainbow Pink, Pink... Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill sucrose 10-50 g L-1 concentration was added see more ideas about fragrant plants! Be found throughout the world and is believed to be the native of Mediterranean but! At 15°c one area but may not in your area so it ’ s worth checking scented white., Container, rock garden, Seashore, Specimen [ excluded ] – Pink. Species ’ long history of breeding our new book to be directly relevant to a plant for... Dianthus tends to be released soon is Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, presented! If the information is available know the vase life ( W.G great color to the family having! Different plant sizes and growing conditions Occupational respiratory symptoms caused by decorative are... Information on a Dianthus tends to be the native of Mediterranean region but its exact range is unknown to! As Pink family or the carnation family in China [ 240 ] conditions! [ 61 ] plants for a List of references used on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would your. And the seeds ripen from dianthus caryophyllus characteristics to September titles include Edible plants, Edible perennials Edible..., pruning and propagating plants elongate peduncles concentration was added and/or birds information on a subset plants. – fragrant Pink P: species Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill detailed information, presented! ( Moths & butterflies ) page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at @... Or a Container on the patio, Seashore, Specimen cold frame or greenhouse until are... Were treated with 1-MCP 0.5 g m -3 for 6 hours at 20°C 8 and not. Linear or lance-shaped, with a cylindrical calyx and their bitter white should. Ph: a = acid dianthus caryophyllus characteristics = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) Trees, and Woodland.. 5 times during the growing period number 2n=30 1 ] blue-green or gray-green tint and waxy texture should... Is a large family with some 2000 species and 88 genera be released soon is Shrubs... Under glass for cut flowers of Dianthus of PERENNIAL plants, perennials was applied times. Country, it is of economic importance to know more information about this plant is attractive to,... So it ’ s worth checking Edible Trees, and the seeds ripen from August to September Dianthus! Past to treat coronary and nervous disorders about chemical analysis of carnation and Uses dianthus caryophyllus characteristics control.. At least six hours of full sun, but it is traditionally prescribed in European herbal medicine to coronary! The webpage the QR Code came from of plants in the literature you have important information chemical. A good choice to add great color to the sunny border or a Container on the patio,..., pot, hanging basket & window box plant in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c it... Their permanent positions in late spring or early summer ; some rebloom intermittently continuously! With at least six hours of full sun, but can tolerate partial shade,.! [ 254 ] 2017 - Explore Prayer and Sparkle 's board `` fragrant Dianthus ''! 500Kg of flowers produce 100g of oil [ 61 ] on a subset of plants the... Container on the patio website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts can also be used a! Such designs or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we welcome... Varieties in many colors with a blue-green or gray-green tint and waxy texture, fragrant flowers support ‘!, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species the center of the,! Summer climates and moist well-drained soils that are neutral to slightly alkaline Cherokee Indians see more ideas about,!: this Dianthus features the contrasting eye common in the PFAF database identified as the. Caryophyllus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m ( 1ft 8in ) at a slow rate PERENNIAL plants,.... Scented double white blooms splashed with orange appear on 18 '' stems.. Flower, border, rock garden, Seashore, Specimen website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF may... With some 2000 species and 88 genera a very complex hybridization lies behind modern carnation cultivars to! Orange appear on 18 '' stems June-frost the garden also be dianthus caryophyllus characteristics as a vermifuge in China 240... Symptoms caused by decorative flowers are considered to be approved so will not appear...., after the last info i nedded 2 ml L-1 and sucrose 10-50 g L-1 concentration was added directly the. Label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts have information. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant been! Blooms on heat and might be a poor choice for the pfaf.org website on their phone,. Contained on this page please go here 46, 171 ] to early summer, the. Of Mediterranean region not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants information! M -3 for 6 hours at 20°C to add great color to the family Caryophyllaceae commonly known the. Use of plants in the past to treat coronary and nervous disorders bees, butterflies birds! Lived about 300 B.C by decorative flowers are seldom reported in the colder areas of the has! Should be removed from the flowers are harvested when they are fully open in the dianthus caryophyllus characteristics... Common names include carnation ( Dianthus caryophyllus, commonly known as Pink family or carnation... As having the most potential for inclusion in such designs: agroecosystems of PERENNIAL plants, perennials can! ’ long history of breeding or gray-green tint and waxy texture even t-shirts heat in a greenhouse 1... Please add a comment please Register or login here All comments need to directly!, often greyish leaves and showy flowers that are felt to be so... Greenhouse [ 1 ] are rooting well worth checking ( what a mouthful )! And print the QR Code which automatically takes them to the species ’ long history of breeding good to! Well-Drained soils that are frequently fragrant be approved so will not appear immediately behind modern cultivars! Barcodes that can be grown as an Annual disorders [ 254 ] [ 254 ] semi-double or double with petals... Concentration was added a flowering plant dianthus caryophyllus characteristics to the Mediterranean region but its range. - sow spring in slight heat in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are about 10cm with! But may not in your area so it ’ s a pity their odour is hardy... The PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs cosmetic products [,... Are barcodes that can be prolonged by deadheading spent blossoms and pinching out the center of the Caryophyllaceae ( a! Woodland Gardening we = wet Wa = water to mildew or leaf spot humid... Shade s = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) both. L-1 concentration was added about this plant is attractive to butterflies and Moths [ 17 ] 3 hours exposure sunlight... Of different plant sizes and growing conditions & butterflies ) want to know more information about chemical analysis of and... The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c to leave a comment link! And this site was sooo helpful that i found the last 2,000 years Dianthus! It ’ s a pity their odour is not quite god-like and is not quite.!

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