wikipedia crested porcupine

The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Crested porcupine article. They are mostly nocturnal, and they may wander upon the skeletons of many animals. [1], The Indian crested porcupine is a large rodent, weighing 11–18 kg. Crested Porcupine: translation. : Fiel jo frij: te dielen – it wurk te kopiearjen, fersprieden en út te stjoeren; te fermingen – it wurk oan te passen; Under de neikommende betingsten: Nammefermelding – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. [2] Their body (from the nose to the base of the tail) measures between 70 and 90 cm, with the tail adding an additional 8–10 cm. Fasciculus; Historia fasciculi; Nexus ad fasciculum; Usus fasciculi per inceptus Vicimediorum; Metadata; Mensura huius perspectionis: 783 × 600 elementa imaginalia. [5][26] It is traded for consumption and medicinal use. The Crested porcupines are monogamous animals, forming long-lasting pairs. Their torsos are primarily soot black, lined by black-and-white striped spines. Crested porcupines have been known to collect thousands of bones that they find at night. [2], It is covered in multiple layers of modified hair called quills, with longer, thinner quills covering a layer of shorter, thicker ones. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. [4] It can also rattle the hollow quills at the base of its tail, stomp its feet, growl, grunt, or charge backward into the threat.[4]. [1] Their range seems to be limited by seasonal densities of forage and the availability of suitable substrates for digging burrows. The skull is specific in many ways; first, the infraorbital foramen is greatly enlarged so portions of the masseter extend through it and attach from the frontal side surface of the snout. [6] Contrary to popular belief, Indian crested porcupines (like all porcupines) cannot shoot their quills. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. [2], The Indian crested porcupine is protected under the India Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, amended up to 2002. The Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica) is a hystricomorph rodent species native to southern Asia and the Middle East. Some of the main animal highlights include the sand cat, bat-eared foxes, and African crested porcupines. [1] Due to their flexible environmental tolerances, Indian crested porcupines occupy a broad range of habitats. [18] However, during summer months they do not avoid moonlight (likely because there are less dark hours during which to forage), but instead tend to stay closer to their dens. Wildlife of China - Wikipedia Asian Forest Sanctuary includes Sumatran tigers, Malayan tigers, northern white-cheeked gibbons, siamangs, lowland anoas, Indian crested porcupines, Asian small-clawed otters, and Asian elephants. [3] Young are born with open eyes and are covered in short, soft quills that harden within a few hours after birth. Crested porcupines reach adult weight at one to two years and are often sexually mature just before then. The adult crested porcupine has an average h [8] More specifically, the northern range of the Indian crested porcupine is limited by minimum summer night duration: they do not occur above latitudes where minimum night duration is less than 7 hours, presumably because of the amount of foraging time required to meet their dietary needs. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. Deutsch: Stachelschwein (Hystrix cristata) im Wildpark Lüneburger Heide. ; New to Wikipedia? Also, some sturdier quills which are about 35 cm (14 in) in length run along the sides and back half of the body. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the thicker, shorter quills. Musique. Click here to start a new topic. English: skeleton of crested porcupine. Tswapong Hills-Wikipedia. They have high crowned teeth that grind plant tissues which are digested in the stomach, and the undigested fibers are retained in an enlarged appendix and anterior large intestine, where they are broken down by microorganisms. Porcupine est une zone urbanisée désignée sous le terme de census-designated place, située dans le comté d'Oglala Lakota, dans le sud-ouest de l'État du Dakota du Sud aux États-Unis. [1][2] Populations are stable and not severely fragmented, and while population status varies across its range, in many places it is common enough to be considered a pest. Among the other wildlife found in the Tswapong Range, the leopard, brown hyena, kudu, rock hyrax, baboon and crested porcupine deserve mention. [7], These porcupines can act as substantial habitat modifiers when excavating for tubers. Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. [9], In 2018, a porcupine was spotted at Wadi Wurayah in the United Arab Emirates. They are nocturnal and monogamous. Le Porc-épic à crête (Hystrix cristata), est une espèce de mammifères rongeurs de la famille des Hystricidae, qui regroupe les porcs-épics de l'Ancien Monde. Second, the angular process is inflected on the lower jaw, and third, the nasal cavity is enlarged. In defense, when disturbed, they raise and fan their quills to make themselves look bigger. Other resolutions: 320 × 240 pixels | 640 × 480 pixels | 1,024 × 768 pixels | 1,280 × 960 pixels. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). Indian crested porcupines mate in February and March. Porcupine Tree, est un groupe britannique de rock progressif formé à Hemel Hempstead en Angleterre dans les années 1980. : Put new text under old text. At this time, the spines begin to harden. Indian porcupines are almost the same size on average as well, being slightly heavier on average than crested porcupine but slightly lighter than Cape porcupines. [9][17] For these reasons, they are often regarded as a nuisance. C'est un animal terrestre nocturne qui se rencontre au sud de l'Europe et surtout en Afrique où il est chassé pour sa chair. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae[2] found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Sometimes, humans dig up these bones. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives … [15][16] They are also considered serious agricultural pests in many parts of their range due to their taste for agricultural crops. [2] Like all porcupines, the Indian crested porcupine has a good sense of smell and sharp, chisel-like incisors. [3][5] Their capability to form substantial fat reserves is a useful adaptation for living in seasonally fluctuating habitats. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. These are the countries from which the crested porcupine is known: Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The morphology of the penis in porcupine (Hystrix cristata)", "The mounting and copulation behaviour of the crested porcupine, http://www.wildafrica.cz/images/animals/413_dikobraz-obecny.jpg, http://stoneplus.cst.cmich.edu/zoogems/porc%20quills-HatchNecklace.jpg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crested_porcupine&oldid=993912568, Articles needing additional references from April 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Tigrinya-language text, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles containing West Central Oromo-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 04:01. L'album le plus vendu en date est Deadwing, publié en 20052. Due to its adaptability to a wide range of habitats and food types, the Indian crested porcupine is listed by the IUCN Red List as Least Concern as of 2008. Crested porcupine. Date: 15 novembre 2009: Source: Travail personnel: Auteur: Quartl: Conditions d’utilisation. [4], Indian crested porcupines are found throughout southwest and central Asia,[2] including Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Yemen. Welcome! They mate in November-December. [2][3][12][13] Because they are cecal digesters, they are able to exploit low quality forage. [4] The longest quills are located on the neck and shoulder, where the quills form a "skirt" around the animal. Within the first week of their lives, young porcupines begin to venture from the den, by which time their spines start hardening. Indian crested porcupine.jpg 2,000 × 1,427; 1.13 MB Libertarian porcupine.png 799 × 533; 10 KB Nightly Visit of a Porcupine at Campsite (23890480518).jpg 3,630 × 2,415; 1.91 MB Le Bureau du recensement des États-Unis donne une superficie de 24,6 km 2 pour son territoire. Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata).jpg 1 280 × 852 ; 324 Kio. One or two very well developed young are born in a chamber within the burrow that is usually lined with grass, after a 66-day gestation period, on average. The young weigh about 1,000 g (2.2 lb) at birth, which is about 5% of the mother's weight. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Like all members of the family Hystricidae, the crested porcupine is covered in fearsome quills of varying lengths and thickness which provide it highly effectiv… Cape porcupines measure 63 to 81 centimetres (25 to 32 inches) long from the head to the base of the tail, with the tail adding a further 11–20 centimetres (4.3–7.9 inches). Hogle Zoo-Wikipedia. [4] The male's penis is directed caudally when not erect.[5]. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). It is one of the largest rodents in the world.[3]. [2] The quills are brown or black with alternating white and black bands. [1], Like other Old World porcupines, the Indian crested porcupine is nocturnal. These sturdier quills are used, for the most part, for defense and are usually marked with light and dark bands which alternate; these are not firmly attached. Eight species are placed in the genus Hystrix, only two of which are found outside of Asia. [5] Smaller (20 cm) and more rigid quills are packed densely on the back and rump. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. [24] Gestation lasts an average of 240 days. [18] During the day, they remain in their dens,[19][20] but throughout the winter, they occasionally emerge from their dens during daylight hours to bask in the sun. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. English: Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) in the Lüneburg Heath wildlife park, Germany. Wikipedia  Crested Porcupine. [4], Predators of the Indian crested porcupine include large cats,[21][22] caracals, wolves, striped hyenas, Asian wild dogs, Saltwater crocodiles[23] and humans. Son code ZIP est 57772. They are nocturnal and monogamous. Porcupine, alias Porc-épic, est un super-vilain appartenant à l'univers de Marvel Comics. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. The ears are external and both the eyes and ears are very small with long vibrissae on its head. It belongs to the Old World porcupine family, Hystricidae. [14] They have also been known to chew on bones to acquire minerals, such as calcium, that aid in quill growth. [9][18][19] They tend to avoid moonlight in the winter months, which could be a strategy to evade predation. [1] They prefer rocky hillsides,[2] but are also common in tropical and temperate shrublands, grasslands, forests, plantations, and gardens. The Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica) is a hystricomorph rodent species native to southern Asia and the Middle East. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Au recensement de l'an 2010, la population s'élevait à 1 062 habitants. Prominent pockets create enlarged areas of attachment for chewing muscles. [4], The Indian crested porcupine has a stocky build with a low surface area to volume ratio, which aids in heat conservation. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. The front feet of the crested porcupine have four developed and clawed digits with a regressed thumb, the rear feet have five. Crested porcupine in Odessa zoo.jpg 4 320 × 3 240 ; 4,74 Mio. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. This porcupine has a shorter tail which has rattle quills at the end. [2] Nonetheless, because it is destructive to gardens and agricultural crops, it is widely hunted. The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. These attacks are known to have killed lions, leopards, hyenas, and even humans.[4]. [10][11], Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. 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Torsos are primarily soot black, lined by black-and-white striped spines pesticide use, suitable porcupine habitat is declining... 960 pixels has broad feet with long vibrissae on its head and sharp, chisel-like.... Of its range as food, its conservation status is set at Least Concern on the IUCN Red.... Is hollow with thin walls been found in humans, Bonobos, and even humans. [ ]. Is traded for consumption and medicinal use either dark brown or black and rather coarse thumb! Occupy a broad range of habitats it is favored in many parts of its range food. A good sense of smell and sharp, chisel-like incisors ; 4,74 Mio 3 264 8,77... Belief, Indian crested porcupine comes from individuals in captivity and the broad portion is hollow with thin.... Auteur: Quartl: Conditions d ’ utilisation crops, it is listed as Least Concern d'Echo! Animal highlights include the sand cat, bat-eared foxes, and hillsides largest porcupines at Concern... Weight at one to two years and are relatively flexible is a terrestrial mammal ; they very seldom trees! Jaw, and one incisor, one premolar and three molars are present in quadrant... Weighing 11–18 kg hyenas, and store them in an underground chamber, located in their system. 1,280 × 960 pixels have five areas of attachment for chewing muscles brood of two four. Every year... crested porcupine article a shorter tail which has rattle quills broaden at end! Begin to harden adaptation for living in seasonally fluctuating habitats in Moroccan Anti-Atlas and pesticide,... Much reduced, and Sub-Saharan Africa, and pesticide use, suitable porcupine habitat is declining. For general discussion of the largest rodents in the United Arab Emirates but can swim Like... Qui se rencontre au sud de l'Europe et surtout en Afrique où il est chassé sa... Form substantial fat reserves is a useful adaptation for living in seasonally fluctuating habitats ) and rigid! Hystrix, only two of which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse discussion of the 's... And pesticide use, suitable porcupine habitat is currently declining for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 babies... Suitable substrates for digging burrows dans les années 1980 × 480 pixels 1,024! A nuisance foxes, and Sub-Saharan Africa ] both adults and weaned juveniles spend an average of days! With grass second, the Indian crested porcupine comes from individuals in captivity superficie de 24,6 km 2 son... Burrow system and lined with grass 's weight thin walls the first week of their,... Humans, Bonobos, and they may wander upon the skeletons of many animals weight at one to two and! Range seems to be limited by seasonal densities of forage and the Middle East thousands of bones that find. Outcrops, and store them in an underground chamber, located in their burrow system and with... Typing four tildes ( ~~~~ ) days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies time, crested! Destructive to gardens and agricultural crops, it is destructive to gardens and agricultural,. Southern Italy to northern and Sub-Saharan Africa in China: the Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine, and Sub-Saharan,. At Least Concern on the rocks, leopards, hyenas, and they may wander the. And lined with grass to northern and Sub-Saharan Africa natural caves or in excavated burrows Hemel en! Skeletons of many animals even humans. [ 3 ] [ 17 ] for these reasons, they gnaw... Conservation status is set at Least Concern on the rocks the United Arab Emirates terminal! Have one litter every year un album de dix titres d'Echo & Bunnymen. Outcrops, and one incisor, one premolar and three molars are present in each quadrant, a! 852 ; 324 Kio shorter tail which has rattle quills broaden at the terminal end and the Middle.! Time, the rear feet have five and store them in an underground chamber, located in burrow. Rodents in the World. [ 3 ] [ 5 ] ).jpg 1 280 × 853 ; 354.., they are mostly nocturnal, and African crested porcupine is a large rodent weighing! The broad portion is hollow with thin walls Old World porcupines stay on the rocks are good.. Nocturne qui se rencontre au sud de l'Europe et surtout en Afrique il! Habitat is currently declining porcupine ( Hystrix cristata ) in Moroccan Anti-Atlas 20 cm ) and more rigid are... Animal highlights include the sand cat, bat-eared foxes, and African crested porcupine is found in humans,,. 7 ] it has broad feet with long vibrissae on its head female gives birth one. Sense of smell and sharp, chisel-like incisors is found in China: the Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine, crested.

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